The role of transparency
in deterring political corruption

The primary aim is to assess and quantify the gap between legal (de jure) and actual (de facto) transparency levels in the European Union’s 27 Member States and candidate countries. It seeks to elucidate how various forms of transparency interact with both citizen participation and anti-corruption efforts, with a view to develop and refine transparency policies for more impactful anti-corruption measures, leveraging actions from both governmental bodies and civil society.